Monarch Airlines (Monarch) was formed on 5 June 1967 by two former directors of British Eagle International Airlines. The airline was founded as a charter and scheduled airline and based at Luton in Bedfordshire. The aircraft carried a white, black and gold livery with a stylised 'Monarch' crown emblem. The airline began with two Bristol Britannia aircraft, with the first commercial flight taking place on 5 April 1968. Within a year Monarch had acquired an additional four Bristol Britannia aircraft. By 1971 the company expanded the fleet, purchasing three second-hand Boeing 720 jet aircraft. The Bristol Britannia fleet was retired by 1976 and replaced with two additional Boeing 720s and two additional British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) 1-11 jets.
In the 1980s the airline expanded rapidly, establishing bases at London Gatwick, Glasgow, Manchester and Berlin in Germany and extending routes to Spain, the Balearic Islands and the Canary Islands. To fulfil these routes the airline took on further BAC and Boeing aircraft, including Monarch's first Boeing 757 purchased in 1983. In 1990 Monarch acquired its first EADS Airbus aircraft, an Airbus A300. The airline continued to expand throughout the 1990s and 2000s. However, following terrorist incidents in key destinations for the airline and declines in other markets the airline entered administration in October 2017 after 49 years of flying operation.
|Service||Charter and scheduled airline|
|Destinations||Domestic and European|
|Period of operation||1967 - 2017|
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