British Aircraft Corporation
G-AVMU was the thirteenth BAC 1-11 510ED-derivation aircraft produced, and carried serial number 148. She first flew on 29 January 1969 and was delivered to British European Airways (BEA) on 19 March 1969. She served with BEA and then British Airways (BA) following the merger of BEA and BOAC. When BA assigned county names to their BAC 1-11 fleet G-AVMU was assigned the name 'County of Dorset'. G-AVMU saw regular service to Europe from Manchester and London.
She completed twenty-three years of commercial service before retirement in October 1992. After storage at Hurn Airport in Bourenmouth G-AVMU was placed for disposal. Donated to the Duxford Aviation Society she made her final flight on 4 March 1993. By that time she had flown 40,279 hours and made 45,540 landings.
Designed by the British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) 244 BAC 1-11 aircraft were built in total - manufacture in Britain spanned from 1963 to 1982, and from 1982 to 1993 in Romania under a licence agreement. In 1960 the British Government forced aircraft manufacturers Bristol, English-Electric, Hunting Aicraft and Vickers-Armstrongs to merge, becoming BAC. Prior to the merger, Hunting was working on its concept for the Hunting 107 jet-powered airliner. Under BAC, the Hunting 107 project continued as the BAC 1-11.
The first prototype aircraft flew on 20 August 1963. Tragically the prototype aircraft G-ASHG crashed on 22 October 1963. There were no survivors; the aircraft had entered a deep stall, a phenomenon little understood at the time. The first production aircraft entered commercial service with British United Airways (BUA) on 9 April 1965.
BAC developed new derivatives of the BAC 1-11 with uprated Rolls-Royce Spey engines and other system upgrades. The 500-series introduced in 1967 featured a larger fuselage, capable of seating an additional thirty passengers. By 1988 British Airways had retired its 1-11 fleet, although a small number remain in service with other operators.
In 1967 a government committee chaired by Sir Ronald Edwards published a report in 1969 called 'British Air Transport in the Seventies' arguing for the merger of BEA and BOAC. The findings were accepted by the then Conservative Government and the British Airways Group was formed in September 1972. The two airlines officially merged on 1 April 1974 forming British Airways (BA) to form a combined BOAC and BEA fleet. Within two years, on 21 January 1976, British Airways inaugurated Concorde operations and the aircraft remained the flagship of the fleet until retirement in 2003. Concorde flights to the United States commenced the following year. For the rest of the decade the BA fleet was expanded, taking on Lockheed Tristar, BAC 1-11 and Boeing 737 and 757 aircraft.
In 1980, following a hike in fuel prices, many of BA's older aircraft were sold off. The airline started a long road back to profitability prior to privatisation in February 1987 by the then Conservative Government. In late 1987 BA took over British Caledonian, forming Caledonian Airways in April 1988. By November 1992 BA acquired the assets of the struggling Dan-Air company. Following the attacks in America on 9/11 world airlines were struggling. Sadly, in 2003 BA retired its entire supersonic Concorde fleet. In January 2011 BA and Spanish carrier Iberia merged to form the International Airlines Group. In October 2012 British Midland International became part of IAG.
|Manufacturer||British Aircraft Corporation|
|Length||107 ft 0 in|
|Wingspan||93 ft 6 in|
|Height||24 ft 6 in|
|Engines||2 x Rolls-Royce RB.163 Spey Mk. 512DW|
Which aircraft is the fastest? Which has the longest range? Choose another two aircraft to compare to the British Aircraft Corporation 1-11